STUDIES IN PROCESS ANALYSIS
ECONOMY-WIDE PRODUCTION CAPABILITIES

Edited by
ALAN S. MANNE and HARRY M. MARKOWITZ
Proceedings of a Conference Sponsored by
THE COWLES FOUNDATION
FOR RESEARCH IN ECONOMICS AT YALE UNIVERSITY
APRIL 24–26, 1961
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, London
1963
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter  Page 
Preliminary Pages

PART I. SCOPE AND METHOED OF PROCESS ANALYSIS

1.  Introduction, by Alan S. Manne and Harry M. Markowitz
2.  Alternate Methods of Analysis, by Alan S. Manne and Harry M. Markowitz
3.  Problems and Potentials of Process Analysis, by Alan S. Manne and Harry M. Markowitz 21 

PART II. PETROLEUM AND CHEMICALS: PRODUCTION,
TRANSPORTATION, AND PLANT LOCATION

Glossary of Technical Terms, by Alan S. Manne 31 
4.  A Linear Programming Model of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry, by Alan S. Manne 33 
5.  A Spatial Model of U.S. Petroleum Refining, by Thomas A. Marschak 75 
6.  Chemical Processes, Plant Location, and Economies of Scale, by Thomas Vietorsz and Alan S. Manne 136 

PART III. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE

7.  Spatial Programming Models to Specify Surplus Grain Producing Areas, by Earl O. Heady and Alvin C. Egbert 161 
8.  Special Price Equilibrium and Process Analysis in the Food and Agricultural Sector, by Karl A. Fox 215 

PART IV. METALS AND METALWORKING

9.  Process Analysis of the U.S. Iron and Steel Industry, by Tibor Fabian 237 
10.  The Metalworking Industries, by Harry M. Markowitz and Alan J. Rowe 264 
11.  Metalworking Requirements Analysis, by Harry M. Markowitz and Alan J. Rowe 285 
12.  A Machine Tool Substitution Analysis, by Harry M. Markowitz and Alan J. Rowe 313 
13.  Future Metalworking Analysis, by Harry M. Markowitz and Alan J. Rowe 352 
14.  Statistical Appendix on Metalworking, by by Harry M. Markowitz and Alan J. Rowe 357 
15.  Alternative Approaches to Metalworking Process Analysis, by Thomas Vietorisz 364 

PART V. PROGRAMMING OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

16.  Key Sectors of the Mexican Economy, 1960–1970, by Alan S. Manne 379 
17.  Sector Studies in Economic Development Planning by Means of Process Analysis Models, by Thomas Vietorisz 401 
Appendix. Basic Concepts of Activity Analysis, by Alan S. Manne 417 
Index 423